Autor: Homayoun Mafi

DOI: https://doi.org/10.25058/1794600X.1789

This article is intended to analyse  the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal by considering its origins and decisions in order to find out to what extend it has been successful in the settlement of international commercial and inter-state disputes between Iran and the United States. The Tribunal work is evaluated to determine whether it has been a workable pattern of Western-style legal institution for further instances of politically changed circumstances. In its arguments and expositions, I will discuss whether the Tribunal is an international arbitral tribunal created to resolve private law disputes or an interstate arbitration body typically established by treaty. I will argue that the Tribunal should be considered as an instrument of public international law, because it is based on an international treaty between sovereign states. Through this study I will examine the question of the Tribunal’s jurisdiction and its application of international law as compared with the decisions of other international tribunals. It also considers an internal question to the theory of the governing law to the resolution of disputes.

Este artículo es un intento por analizar el Tribunal de Reclamaciones Irán-Estados Unidos teniendo en cuenta sus orígenes y decisiones con el fin de averiguar hasta qué punto ha sido exitoso en la solución de controversias comerciales internacionales y entre los estados de Irán y Estados Unidos. El trabajo del Tribunal es evaluado para determinar si ha sido un modelo viable de institución jurídica de tipo occidental para otros casos de circunstancias políticamente cambiantes. En sus argumentaciones y exposiciones voy a discutir si el Tribunal es un tribunal arbitral internacional creado para resolver controversias de derecho privado o un órgano de arbitraje interestatal típicamente establecido por tratado.  Discutiré acerca de si el Tribunal debe ser considerado como un instrumento de derecho internacional público porque se basa en un tratado internacional entre estados soberanos. A través de este estudio voy a examinar el asunto de la jurisdicción del Tribunal y su aplicación del derecho internacional en comparación con las decisiones de otros tribunales internacionales. También voy a considerar una cuestión interna de la teoría de la ley que rige la resolución de conflictos.

O objetivo deste artigo é analisar o Tribunal de Reclamações Irã-Estados Unidos, considerando suas origens e decisões, a fim de descobrir em que medida ele tem sido bem-sucedido na resolução de disputas comerciais internacionais e entre estados entre o Irã e os Estados Unidos. O trabalho do Tribunal é avaliado para determinar se tem sido um padrão viável de instituição legal de estilo ocidental para outras instâncias de circunstâncias politicamente alteradas. Em seus argumentos e exposições, discutirei se o Tribunal é um tribunal arbitral internacional para resolver disputas de direito privado ou um órgão de arbitragem interestadual tipicamente estabelecido por tratado. Argumentarei que o Tribunal deve ser considerado um instrumento de direito internacional público, porque se baseia em um tratado internacional entre Estados soberanos. Por meio deste estudo, examinarei a questão da jurisdição do Tribunal e sua aplicação do direito internacional em comparação com as decisões de outros tribunais internacionais. Também considera questões internas à teoria do direito que rege a resolução de litígios.

Keywords: Scope, nature, applicable law, contractual claim, frustration.

Palabras claves: Alcance, naturaleza, derecho applicable, reclamo contractual, fracaso.

Palavras-chave: Âmbito, natureza, lei aplicável, reclamação contratual, frustração.

Para citar este artículo:

Mafi, H. (2020). A Review of the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal. Revista Misión Jurídica, 13(20), 98-119.


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